Intellectual Property

Basically Intellectual property is ideas, information, and knowledge. IP rights protects the works, ideas, design, or something that you have made or created. It includes copyright for your creative work like books, software, and paintings. For most businesses, IP is a tool for creativity, innovation, and even education. IP is protected in law by, such as copyright, trademarks, which enables people to earn recognition or financial benefits from what they create or invent. There are various ways of using IP to protect your creations or inventions. In previous semester we learned about the intellectual property types and it’s importance in MUV601 subjects.

There are copyrights, trademarks, licenses and all sorts of things that need to be consider to make sure that you’re nice and safe. Actually, copyright protects original works of authorship that are fixed in a tangible medium of expression whereas trademark law speaks to what branding and names have become indicative of a particular service or product. In most cases, we have to examine all the separate elements of what you are about to stream.

There are several separate elements to investigate including text, art, music, video, photographs, rights of publicity and more. While adding or streaming video over the internet you’ll need a new-media license, a video-sync license, and the rights of publicity releases. I think it’s better to check all the prospects of IP before you add any things such as, art, video, text etc to be safe.

It includes like Registered trademarks, designs, patents, plant variety rights etc. Unregistered IP with the national agency can also help to protect secret information which includes such as unregistered trade mark, trade secrets, secrecy agreements and copyright. If you are starting a business than it is important to protect your inventions or ideas. In general there are four types of intellectual property. They are as follows:

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  1. Trade secrets: Trade secrets are IP rights on confidential information which may be sold or licensed. The unauthorized permissions or practices by others is regarded as an unfair practice and a violation of the trade secret protection. Without a confidentiality agreement you cannot use others creations. A trade secret is not registered with any government office to provide a verifiable public record of any claims to the secret. It refers to items like such as recipes that are unique and provide a business with a competitive advantages. One of the most famous and best-kept secrets is the formula for Coca-Cola which is still a mystery. Examples like : patterns, techniques, processes, formula. You can take legal action against those who misappropriate your trade secrets, but you must be able to prove the secret was obtained through illegal means.
  2. Copyright : copyright protects creative works in a tangible form that includes books, movies, music, artwork, and other kinds of creations. Copyright often lasts 50 to 70 years after the creator’s death but depends on the countries laws and regulations. Copyright mainly deals with artistic creations. It gives you exclusive rights to copy, distribute, reproduce, display and license the work. Examples: software, books, databases, graphic arts, video and sound recordings. You can sale your copyrighted assets and lease them in exchange for license fees and royalties.
  3. Trade Mark : It is another common type of IP, is registered with the trademark office as a mark that distinguishes the sources of goods or services. Trademarks are the names, symbols, patterns and phrases that differentiate your business from other industry such as a logo, slogan, sound, color etc. sometimes trademarks may overlap with copyrights.
  4. Patents : Patents deal with inventions, chemical formulas, or methodology. It grants property right on an invention, allowing the patent holder to exclude others from making, selling, or using the invention. Parents are special forms of IP registered with the USPTO, they protect inventions and functional designs for products. Examples: utility, design, and plant patents. Parent protection requires full public disclosure of the work in detail.

I think that most of the people are a bit confused about the copyleft and copyright (IP). Copyleft license grants permission to copy and reproduce IP Whereas copyright protects society’s interests in invention and creativity by providing individual incentives through copyright control. Copyleft license is mostly used in software, digital art, writings, and other creative content. Copyleft license is granted under copyright law.

While copyright prevents others from benefiting from copying or using the work without attributing the work to the owner of the copyright. It attaches automatically to original artistic works. You don’t have to register the right separately. Therefore, others can only republish or reproduce the copyright material when they have the owner’s permission.

Here are the some key points that will help you to protect your intellectual property (IP) and get your IP strategy right:

  1. First, you have to identify your IP
  2. Understanding different types of IP and advantages of each one.
  3. Keeping your idea confidential
  4. Protect your ideas or brand by registering it
  5. Beware of infringement

If you have not mention anything in your content then by default it comes under the copyright license and by the New Zealand intellectual property office also automatically protects your content in case you didn’t provide any license on your creation.

I have also include IP license in my WordPress blog.

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Thai Green Tofu Curry

As my last blog was about the ancient grain called “Quinoa” which is also known as pseudo cereal. During holidays me and my friend had a dinner on a Thai restaurant and there we had a Green Tofu Curry. After having that we tried by ourselves at home and it wasn’t bad though. The taste was a bit different what we had in the Thai Restaurant but it was amazing, i couldn’t explain the feelings but you guys can make it by yourself and enjoy gluten-free, vegan food. I want to share the magic recipes to prepare a delicious tofu curry and you can add your personal favorites veges, ingredients.

Key Points

  1. Cuisine: Thai green Tofu curry
  2. keyword: Dairy free, egg free, gluten-free, healthy, vegan
  3. Cooking Time: 25 mins
  4. Preparation Time: 10 mins
  5. Servings: 4 People
  6. Calories: 212 kcal


  • 1 cup jasmine brown rice (depends on your preference)
  • 1 1/2 cups boiling water


  • 1 table spoon coconut oil
  • 225 g tofu cubed size, (your choice)
  • 400 ml coconut milk
  • 4 tbsp green curry paste
  • 2 tbsp soy/tamari sauce
  • 2 tsp coconut sugar
  • 1/2 tsp sea salt


  • 1 onion
  • 1/8th pumpkin
  • 1 carrot
  • 1/2 broccoli
  • 1 small eggplant
  • 1 handful of kale
  • 6 drops lime essential oil optional

To Serve

  • lime wedges
  • chilli


  1. First you need to rinse jasmine rice, you can use other rices such as basmati, parboiled, Vietnamese rice and so on. then add to a pot with boiling water, pour the boil water and rice in a container, After that cover with the lid, then turn down the heat to low and simmer 20 minutes.
  2. When cooked, fluff with a fork then re-cover and rest for 5 minutes until curry is done.
  3. Meanwhile, add coconut oil to a large wok on high heat, add tofu, and stir fry for 5 minutes until the color becomes golden brown and looks crunchy.
  4. Add coconut milk, curry paste, soy, coconut sugar and salt, and heat until oil appears on the top.
  5. Now add the veges from hard to soft. Onion, pumpkin, and carrot first for 4-5 minutes, then eggplant and broccoli, then finally kale just briefly at the end til it’s wilted but still a bright vibrant green. Turn off the heat, then add the lime essential oil if desired and stir through.
  6. Serve immediately in bowls with brown rice, lime wedges, and sliced chilli or powder on top if you want a hot curry.

Recipe Notes

you might want to make it in a different way or wish to add other ingredients such as:

  • You can use any vegetables in this curry, for example Cauliflower, potato, peas, beans, broccoli, spinach etc all work well – whatever is in season and that is organic.
  • You can also substitute out the tofu for either tempeh (Indonesian soy product, fermented soybeans ) or chickpeas, both are delicious.
  • some people prefer soy free, you can use chickpeas instead of tofu.
  • For making it grain free, Use cauliflower rice instead of brown jasmine rice.

I’ve made this curry relatively mild (family friendly), but if you prefer extra spice, feel free to go heavier on the chilli!. May be you can add sauce, tamarind paste whatever suits you….

I hope through this food recipes blog you will give it a try and able to prepare a delicious dinner.

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Online Security and Privacy

Privacy and security are on everyone’s minds these days. Online privacy is also called internet privacy. It is a subset of data privacy. It is primarily concerned with protecting user information. Internet users often attempt to protect their information through the anti-virus software, strong password, reviewing site security etc. I think most of people have been face with the security and privacy terms. While signing up any social media account, or downloading any applications you need to accept the privacy statement, this is also one of the example. Risks to online privacy range from phishing scams to malware, while problems with website security may result in identifying the theft.

It is the privacy and security level of personal data published via the internet. If a password of your Gmail, Facebook, twitter account is revealed or compromised then, a victim’s identity may be stolen or used. I have found that internet privacy risks include spyware, malware, phishing. There has been found heaps of cyber violation or fraud case. These types of violations may be minimized by using preventative software applications, avoiding shopping from unreliable websites etc. It’s always better to use very strong passwords consisting of letters, numerals and special characters while setting up passwords.

Internet security encompasses browser security, the security of data through a web form, and overall authentication and protection of data sent via internet protocol. It relies on specific resources and standards for protecting data that gets sent through the internet. While browsing on any websites, you have found that a message appeared in your computer screen such as this website use cookies or you have blocked AD this is also one example of online security. Nowadays, Internet security is becoming a top priority for both businesses and governments. Good internet security protects financial details and much more.

Here are the some key points that will make you safe and help to avoid getting into trouble with online safety and privacy:

  1. Keep your personal information professional and limited
  2. Keep your privacy settings on
  3. Always try to practice safe browsing
  4. Use a secure VPN (Virtual Private Network) connection and make sure your internet connection is secure.
  5. Need to be careful while downloading any software or applications.
  6. Better to choose strong Passwords and change password on regular basis.
  7. Be careful what you have post on your social media.
  8. Keep your Antivirus program up to date.

At the end, don’t try to share your locations online because it can be a threat for you in near future. Always keep your address, phone number, family information confidential. Try to avoid the fake links because nowadays, we can see lots of fake online shopping websites links on social media such as Instagram, twitter, Facebook etc. I think you might have seen adds on social media sites about the online shopping websites links showing the branded products on sale or free. In the past few months ago i have also been in same fraud cases on social media sites. After that i don’t trust on links that are provided on social medias. I have also found lots of false advertisement on social media sites and while browsing on internet.

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